Minnow

Minnow

Scientific name: Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Family: Cyprinidae
Order: Cypriniformes
Class: Actinopterygii
Irish name: Libín
Irish angling record: Not recorded
Native species: No; introduced sometime after the 12th Century; no historical documentary data5;
Hybrids: No

Identifying features

Dorsal fin base overlaps origin of anal fin; mottled brownish, with a dark band along the side, ending in a black spot at base of tail; at spawning time, the dark bar becomes greenish rather than black and black and red pigment develops on the throat and belly; grows to 10cm, rarely longer4;

Environment and Habitat

Inhabit lake bottom; migrate within freshwater only1; found in most upland rivers and lakes and some lowland rivers;  spawns on gravel in summer; can be found in schools close to the surface in summer and in deeper water in winter2;

European distribution

Widespread across Europe.  73°N - 37°N, 10°W - 179°E; found throughout Irish freshwaters;

Economic value in Ireland

Minor commercial value as bait; 

Red list status

Least concern

Irish legislation status

Unprotected

EU legislation status

Unprotected

We use cookies to improve our website and your experience when using it. Cookies used for the essential operation of this site have already been set. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.

  I accept cookies from this site.
EU Cookie Directive Module Information