Common name: Pike
Scientific name: Esox lucius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Irish name: Gailliasc
Irish angling record (River): 19.051kg (1979, River Barrow)
Irish angling record (Lake): 19.391kg (2005, White Lake)
Native species: Yes.
Torpedo shaped body; shovel like snout; large mouth with many sharp teeth; single dorsal fin set far back, over the anal fin; greenish olive, mottled with lighter patches; the young have a more barred coloration; Grows to about 27kg 4.
Environment and Habitat
Inhabit lake bottom and water column; migrate within freshwater only1; found in lowland lakes and rivers; juveniles hide in dense vegetation2;
France to Siberia, south as far as Northern Italy. Not found in Northern Scotland. 74°N - 36°N, 167°W - 180°E; found in most medium and large Irish watercourses.
Economic value in Ireland
Valuable for angling tourism.
Red list status
Irish legislation status
Protected by Conservation of pike bye-law No. 809, 2006– bans the killing of any pike greater than 50cm; prohibits the possession of more than one pike less than 50cm or more than 750g; prohibits the killing of more than one pike per person per day.
EU legislation status
- pdf The Diet of Pike in Irish Watercourses (1.69 MB)
- pdf Ecomorphology of Pike in Irish Freshwaters (3.97 MB)
- pdf Genetic Structure of Pike and their History in Ireland (7.52 MB)